Djibouti is the natural gateway of COMESA, a market of 400 million inhabitants and a telecommunications hub (SEA ME WE 3 submarine cable linking Europe to Asia, EIG link ...).
In addition, seven countries in the Horn of Africa have developed a regional ring corridor. The project will go through different phases of implementation.
Djibouti is the main hub of the region thanks to its assets such as its port, which would be connected to the other ports in the region.
The Doraleh Container Terminal (DCT)
Located at the southern entry of the Red Sea and at the crossroads of busiest shipping line the world, the Republic of Djibouti aspires to become a genuine hub for goods and services between, on one hand, Africa, the Middle East and Asia and, secondly, Europe and the Atlantic Ocean through the Mediterranean and the Suez Canal.
With a distance of 18 meters draught and a container terminal designed for container carriers of the sixth generation, the port of Djibouti is one of the largest ports in Africa, like Tangier’s.
The container terminal is the second element of the port project Doraleh, with 2,000 linear feet, offering container latest generation, a draught of 18 to 20 m, as well as container storage area 700 000 m2. The construction cost of this terminal is estimated at around U.S. $ 300 million.
It has a first dock of 1,050 m, equipped with eight gantry cranes to unload two super post-Panamax "at a time, representing an annual capacity of 1.5 million units (EVP).
A single gantry crane may lift four containers at a time (100 tons), and planning is managed using a system called U.S. NAVIS adopted by most major container terminals in the world. Objective: to reach a pace of 60 containers per hour per gantry crane.
It is now the most competitive port in the region and the only one to be certified ISO 28000 for containers. With a total capacity of 10 million tonnes per year, it has 18 pools, an open area of 17 ha and handling equipment fast and powerful.
The Doraleh Oil Terminal
The program Doraleh was entrusted in 2003 to "Horizon Djibouti Terminals Limited (HDTL) under a concession of BOT (Build, Operate and Transfer) over 20 years.
HDTL is a joint venture owned by Horizon Terminals Limited (HTL) (40%), a branch of ENOC (Emirates National Oil Company), Djibouti (40%) (30% private and 10% state) and the Kuwaiti company named (IPG) Independent Petroleum Group (20%).
Besides the oil terminal (operational since 2005) and the containers terminal that has just been inaugurated, Djibouti is contemplating the development of a free industrial and commercial area of 300 to 500 ha.
Doraleh port, with its deep waters (18-20 m draft) and the huge base hinterland base, is favourable to the development of "tankering" (offshore resupply) and processing industries (oil refineries, desalination of seawater).
The Doraleh oil terminal has a capacity of 370,000 m3 of hydrocarbons and chemicals products. Two hundred trucks of 45,000 liters may be unloaded daily.
At the port of Djibouti loading a truck is in 4 hours instead of 24 hours. Highly secure, this complex is the first oil reservoir independent of the Horn of Africa.
Dry Port and Free Zone
Moreover, the Dry Port managed by "Jafza International“, a branch of Dubai World, like DP World and Nakheel following a contract signed in 2003. The zones of Djibouti drew within five years some 110 companies covering 70% of port capacity.
Located close to the port, one in Djibouti (14 ha) and one under construction near Doraleh (300 to 500 hectares to house 6,000 businesses), the free zones have an autonomous “one-stop shop“ window to promote FDI through the creation of a multimodal (sea, air, soil).
According to IMF estimates, exports in the Djibouti Free Zone (DJFZ) are expected U.S. $ 265 million in 2011, against U.S. $ 38 million in 2008.
Besides, its modern infrastructure the Djibouti Free Zone offers many incentives such as:
The port activities, which mainly include the transit to Somalia and Ethiopia, have evolved favourably. In 2009, the traffic of Djibouti Port has maintained its growth with a progress of 20, 9% in 2009 (9.330.489 tons in 2008 to 11.281.191 in 2009) comparing to 2008.
The following chart indicates inflows tonnage at Djibouti Autonomous Port and we can’t see that transit, transhipment as well as hydrocarbons inflows have significantly increase these last ten years.
The share of land transport in GDP has increased 10% to 30% in two decades. Ethiopian carriers dominate the industry and monopolize 98% market share. Djibouti and Ethiopia have put in place an enabling policy to address the common uses administrative, fiscal, trade and bottlenecks affecting passengers.