The population was estimated at 913 714 inhabitants in 2013 and more than two thirds are leaving in Djibouti-ville, the capital city of the country. Demographic evolution is characterized by a rapid growth of the population, about 2.5 percent per year, as well as significant migration as a result of conflicts in the sub-region. Somali and Afar are the national languages. The majority of the population 99% is Muslim. About 50 % of the population is less than 20 years old.
Djibouti has a qualified young human resource and flexible Labor Code, issued in 2006 which is regulating the labor market by protecting employees’ rights.
The national employment agency in charge of training and professional integration (ANEFIP) has jobseekers database and facilitates the search for qualified workers for companies. There are also several recruitment agencies.
The minimum wage introduced in December 2011 is set at $ 200 per month. The following are indicative wages for some positions standard, based on estimates by the private sector.
Employees and employers pay a contribution to the National Social Security Fund (CNSS) whatever the type of contract and the nationality of the employee (see table below). The employee and employer contributions amounted to 21.7% and 14.2% (for employers in the Free Zone) of the gross compensation, capped at 300 000 DJF.
These contributions cover four schemes that pay benefits to workers and their dependents:
- family benefits
- work accidents and occupational diseases
- care (illness)
Employment and contracts
Employment contracts are concluded freely between employer and employee and the legal working age is set at 16 years.
The legal working time is set at 48 hours per week. Employees are entitled to 24 hours rest per week, usually on Friday, but that period may also be taken during the week. Employees benefit from a leave of 30 days per year.
The employer may request a maximum of five additional hours per week for employees with permanent contracts and working full time. The maximum number of additional hours for part-time workers is capped at 10 % of the time on a weekly or monthly work.