Despite significant potential the fishery sector contributes negligibly to the development of the primary sector. The Republic of Djibouti has a coastline of 372 km long and abundant fishery resources estimated at about 50,000 tonnes per year.
The primary sector, including agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing, has recorded an annual growth of 3.5% of GDP in 2011. However, this is an area deemed with high priority by the Government in its strategy against poverty and improving food security.
Traditionally, fisheries practiced in Djibouti are a food fish. With 372 km of coastline, the area of continental shelf Djibouti exploited by fisheries is about 2 276 km2. The fishing zone exploited by the artisanal fisheries is those in sandy facies, where the continental shelf widens. The potential fish with sustainable levels of exploitation are estimated at 9 300 tons for demersal fish and large pelagics and 22 000 tons for small pelagic, domestic production varies between 1 600 and 1 900 tons of annual landings.
The majority of fishermen (95%) use boats 6 to 8 m long, fiberglass, equipped with outboard engines of 25 to 40 horses, including the crew varies between 3 and 4 fishermen. Currently, the fisheries sector provides permanent employment of 3 600 persons.
Fishing production in tons
Source: Annuaire statistique Dised
Among the most interesting sites there are Obock site and the site of Tadjourah one hand, with a hot and humid climate from April to October and cool and wet in winter. On the other hand, the coastal zone of South-East of Djibouti in the Arta district, offers substantial potentialities.