Livestock remains the predominant activity in the rural world. It is done in two ways: nomadic and sedentary. About 90% of breeding is nomadic, the rest is sedentary. Breeding also represents a strong element of economic integration as soon as it goes beyond the phase of mere consumption. The Republic of Djibouti owns also an important livestock and thanks to its strategic position and its assets plays a major role of regional trade in cattle.
Export of livestock by species and per head:
Source: Annuaire statistique Dised
The potential of the sector of breeding is high and full of animal resources, but it necessitates modern technology and foreign investment in transformation activities like modern frigorific slaughter houses for export.
In this way, the establishment of the quarantine center of Damerjog allowed the country to comply with OIE standards to ensure health safety of livestock and related products. In addition, Djibouti plans to strengthen in future its role as a livestock transit country to the Middle East and North Africa.
On one hand, the establishment of a regional Quarantine facility enables monitoring of animal disease as a prerequisite to perpetuate export of healthy cattle. Consumers worldwide are more demanding in terms of safety and sanitary precautions. Hence this component is of utmost interest to the government of Djibouti in fighting poverty and ensuring contribution of livestock to the national economy.
On the other hand, securing pastoral activities and improving the income of breeders are part of the objectives assigned to the sector by the government of Djibouti. To obtain immediate effect on poverty, the government favors investments in short cycle breeding, particularly small ruminants which offer the best potential for development and are consistent with the life style of rural populations.